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International Day for Mine Awareness

The International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action was held yesterday, 4 April 2007.

In a message delivered in New York, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon said the day served as a reminder that landmines and explosive remnants of war continue to claim 15,000 new victims each year, but also as "an occasion to take stock of the progress in common efforts to combat the scourge of landmines and explosive remnants of war."

Find out how much you know about the effects of landmines and explosive remnants of war with this week's quiz. 

1. How many children are landmines and explosive remnants of war estimated to kill or injure every year?

A: 2,000 - 4,000
B: 4,000 - 6,000
C: 8,000 - 10,000

2. How many countries are affected to some degree by landmines or unexploded ordnance?

A: 40
B: 80
C: 100

3. How many countries have ratified the anti-personnel landmine treaty since it opened 10 years ago?

A: 10
B: 80
C: 153

4. On 30 March 2007, at the UN Headquarters in New York, 81 countries and the European Community signed the UN Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Which of the following mine-affected countries has already signed the Convention?

A: Afghanistan
B: Colombia
C: Cambodia

5. On which continent are nine of the 13 mine producing countries?

A: Africa
B: Europe
C: Asia

6. Which country, in 2004 and following a two-and-a-half year review, abandoned its long-held objective of acceding to the land mine treaty, permitting its military to retain antipersonnel mines indefinitely?

A: Vietnam
B: China
C: United States of America

7. It costs about US$3 to produce a landmine. How much does it cost to safely detect and remove one?

A: US$50-100
B: US$300-1000
C: US$10-$20

8. In addition to rats, dogs and honey bees, what other organisms have researchers used to try and detect landmines?

A: Birds and worms
B: Water particles and fruit extracts
C: Plants and bacteria

9. Which country has the highest per-capita percentage of mine amputees in the world, with one in every 236 living with one or more lost limbs?

A: Cambodia
B: Tajikistan
C: Burma

10. What percentage of the earth's land mass is thought to be contaminated by mines and unexploded ordinance?

A: 0.13 per cent
B: 0.013 per cent
C: 0.0013 per cent